Friday, September 4, 2020
Business Law Essay Thought is a fundamental component of a legitimate agreement. The four primary element of an agreement is the offer, the acknowledgment, the thought and the goal to make legitimate connection. Thought alludes to what one gathering to an understanding is giving or promising in return for what is being given or guaranteed by the other contracting party. There are sure guidelines that oversee a substantial contract.The issue for the situation is whether the understanding was legitimately authoritative upon Dream Design or whether it fizzled for need of thought. On the off chance that the guarantee just satisfies a current legally binding obligation to the promisor, he doesn't give thought to purchase the purchase promisorÃ¢â¬â¢s guarantee. The bushels were to be conveyed by An and a rate was settled upon between the gathering. After the main conveyance A requested more cash from K before making any further conveyances to W. K reluctantly consented to pay the additional cash and A proceeded with the conveyance. Later on K would not pay the additional cash to An and A sued K. It was held that A had not offered thought to K to purchase KÃ¢â¬â¢s guarantee of additional cash. A couldn't state that making the conveyance was the thought, as A was will undoubtedly make these conveyances under the first agreement. With the instance of Dream Design the thought won't be adequate where an authoritatively obligation as of now exist. The truth of the matter is that Parma Steel and Dream Design concurred on a composed agreement dated October 22, 2009 for the flexibly of manufactured steel at an expense of $165 per ton for Ã¢â¬Å"Grade60,000 and $156 per ton for Ã¢â¬Å"Hard Grade. Ã¢â¬ For this situation Parma Steel couldn't state that making the conveyances was the thought, as Parma Steel was at that point authoritatively bound to make these conveyances under t he unique agreement. As indicated by Tucker J. there was no thought for the new understanding. The offended party was at that point obliged to convey the respondent merchandise at the rates concurred under the details of the first understanding. The realities established monetary coercion yet the court needs to decline to uphold the new understanding for the expansion in the costs or the higher charges as it came up short on any new thought from the buyer, Dream Design. The provider, Parma Steel guarantee for the extraordinary equalization must be excused.
Tuesday, August 25, 2020
George expositions George Washington is most popular as the Father of our Country. He gave it a second thought for this nation much like a parent would think about a youngster. During his administration, he tackled numerous imperative issues. His accomplishments prompted a law based, magnificent nation we like to call The United States of America. Despite the fact that hes not thought of as captivating, George Washington is looked with the most extreme regard and amazement by all nations of the world. George Washington was conceived in Westmoreland County, Virginia on February 22, 2. ' Virginia was frightened when a French campaign from Canada set up on the headwaters of the Ohio River. Strife over this zone in the long run into the French and Indian War, where Washington played a significant military job that set up his notoriety for being an officer. In the fall of 1758 the French were vanquished. In 1759 he wedded Martha Dandridge Custis, a youthful widow. Washington developed into a strong individual from Virginia society. From 1759 to 1774 he served in the House of Burgesses. By 1774 had become a key supporter of the frontier cause. That equivalent year he was chosen for the First Continental Congress. In 1775 the Second Continental Congress chose Washington president of its military. In July Washington showed up in Massachusetts, where the fights at Lexington and Harmony had been battled. The British pulled back the greater part of their soldiers to in New York City, leaving dispersed armies of German hired fighters in New ... <!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
A Brief History of Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistance, and Antibiotic Alternatives BY jade0813 A Brief History of Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistance, and Antibiotic Alternatives Antibiotic Resistance and Alternatives Antibiotics have been normally, however erroneously, thought of as a definitive fix, for practically all ailment, for over 50 years now. Be that as it may, the expected utilization of anti-microbials is for the treatment of bacterial contaminations and maladies. Infections or parasites related sicknesses won't be influenced by anti-infection agents. This misconception of the utilization of anti-toxins has prompted abuse, or the abuse, of anti-infection agents, in a wide scope of ountries around the world. Because of abuse, abuse, and misuse, anti-microbials, once hailed as the friend in need of humanity, are an expanding danger as microscopic organisms become ever more grounded. (Bunyard) The improvement of anti-infection safe microbes represents an approaching danger to the clinical business and to society. A brief glance into present day papers or Journals would uncover surprising reports about anti-infection safe microscopic organisms, otherwise called superbugs, and how pulverizing their development might be. We will compose a custom paper test on A Brief History of Antibiotics or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page (Ed. Bonomo and Ed. Tolmasky) Worldwide, several thousands bite the dust every year because of bacterial contaminations that can never again be controlled. These passings are a definitive result of over-the-counter deals of anti-toxins, tolerant weight on specialists consistently to recommend and the aimless use, particularly in the U. S. of anti-toxins as development factors in concentrated cultivating, including the splashing of plantations with anti-infection agents. (Bunyard) Alternative antibacterial operators with in a general sense various methods of activity than that of conventional anti-infection agents is frantically expected to prevent microscopic organisms from proceeding to cause sicknesses, when treatable, from turning out to be, by and by, untreatable and fatal ailments. (Parisien, Allain and Mandeville) An anti-toxin s a normally delivered specialist that crushes microbes, however has no impact on infections, and that is utilized as a drug. Encarta World Dictionary) Our most confided in anti-toxin, penicillin, was found in 1928, and presented in 1929 when Alexander Fleming distributed his original paper in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology on the shape extricate from Penicillium as a germ-slaughtering compound. (Ed. Bonomo and Ed. Tolmasky) It was found by some coincidence, when Fleming saw that provinces of the regular bacterial pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus, were pulverized in the area of penicillium form that had polluted a disposed of petri dish. Bunyard) Penicillin was additionally evolved by Oxford University researcher Henry Florey, Ernst Chain, and Norman Heatley, in 1940. These researchers created techniques for developing, removing, and cleaning enough penicillin to exhibit its capacity against bacterial contaminations. (Bunyard) Its prosperity was staggering to the point that penicillin was named the supernatural occurrence medicate. (Ed. Bonomo and Ed. Tolmasky) notwithstanding over 50 years of colossal business and logical venture, bacterial irresistible maladies were as yet not totally killed by the utilization of anti-infection agents. Microscopic organisms capacity to create ntibiotic-opposition qualities empowered them to keep flourishing and imitating more grounded, increasingly safe strains. (Ed. Bonomo and Ed. Tolmasky) Even however it had been accounted for by Ernst Chain and E. P. Abraham, in 1940, that there was in chemical in discovering wasnt promptly figured it out. Actually, a few infections, thought to be wiped out, have reappeared, and a considerable lot of the realized bacterial pathogens have become increasingly more impervious to anti-microbials. (Ed. Bonomo and Ed.
Compelling Strategies For Cross-Cultural Communication - Research Paper Example With the finish of foundational and auxiliary advances, the pioneers of the new representative gatherings are delegated and prepared on the center authority courses that include the consideration of resistance when managing individuals from differing social foundations. The pioneers are educated on the basics of correspondence, and how positive correspondence systems persuade the laborers and impart great authoritative conduct. Subsequent to doing the Integration action, the organization bonds the representatives together, addressing about their encounters and the favorable circumstances they have obtained from the procedure of acquisition.Ã With the fulfillment of fundamental and auxiliary changes, the pioneers of the new worker bunches are designated and prepared on the center initiative courses that include the consideration of resilience when managing individuals from differing social foundations. The pioneers are educated on the basics of correspondence, and how positive corres pondence methodologies propel the laborers and impart great hierarchical conduct. In the wake of completing the Integration action, the organization securities the representatives together, addressing about their experiences.Ã¢ To quantify the effect of the results of the preparation procedure to ease the worries of diverse correspondence. In Microchip, the organization accomplishes its objectives consistently, with the outcomes mirroring a 80%achievemnt in reason satisfaction. It is apparent from the instance of Microchip that the fundamental answer for the challenges in correspondence is preparing.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Week Two Reflection Essays - Sources Of Law, Legal History Week Two Reflection Law/421 November 16, 2015 Kurt Lofland Presentation American law comprises of a few kinds of laws. A few laws serve to characterize ones rights or measures for exchanges. Different laws serve to set outcomes or to show what steps must be taken to gather on harms owed. The constitution is the establishment for these laws and the alterations have created after some time to develop the constitution as society changes. Considerable Law Considerable law is the composed law or legal law that characterizes rights and duties. The custom-based law that expresses the casualty of a wrongdoing may recoup harms from the transgressor is a meaningful law. The equivalent can be said for the common law that qualifies a companion for look for divorce settlement. Common Law Common law, non military personnel law or Roman law is a legitimate framework starting in Europe, intellectualized inside the structure recently Roman law, and whose most predominant component is that its center standards are classified into a solid framework which fills in as the essential wellspring of law (Wikipedia, n.d.). Common law manages debates between private gatherings, as well as careless acts that cause damage to other people. A case of common law in the business world would be: if an individual feels that they were terminated for an inappropriate explanation, they could indict it and have the court settle on the choosing choice on who is correct. Precedent-based Law Precedent-based law has no far reaching assemblage of legitimate principles and rules. While precedent-based law relies on some dispersed rules, which are authoritative choices, it is to a great extent dependent on point of reference, which means the legal choices that have just been made in comparative cases. These points of reference are kept up after some time through the records of the courts just as generally archived in assortments of case law known as yearbooks and reports. A case of precedent-based law is customary marriage, if a couple have been as one (not wedded) for at least 10 years they have earned the option to share their advantages. Revisions that Protect Business The main revision was not expected to secure the privileges of organizations and associations, anyway it has developed to incorporate the rights to business discourse including commercial. This security additionally is stretched out to organizations that decide to finance political discourses or applicants. The fourth amendment has stretched out to secure organizations against unlawful pursuit of worksites without reasonable justification or a warrant. The firth changes accommodates the privileges of corporate officials and representatives to stay quiet when dealing with criminal indictments or examination. The Fourteenth Amendment expresses that fair treatment security necessitates that workers have a reasonable procedural procedure before they are ended if the end is identified with a freedom like the option to free discourse, or property of intrigue (FindusLaw, 2006) Legal Law Legal Law is the term used to characterize composed laws, which at that point is passed by official offices and precedent-based law or the law made by earlier court choices. Presently lets separate this so we can get an away from of legal law which is likewise alluded to as rule law, first remember that it is a composed law built up by establishments communicating the desire of the lawmaking body, as recognized from the unwritten law or precedent-based law (Melvin, 2011). These are laws composed by a lawmaking body and are typically set up explain a need of society or the legislature. It is and real composed law that is created by an assemblies. Lets take one of the most well-known circumstances we have all been in you are on the thruway and you see the murmur that plainly states speed limit is 55mph, anyway this specific day is a late to work day and you coincidentally was going about 75mph and obviously you get pull over and by a high watch official a ticket for infringement as far as possible. You have violated the vehicle and transit regulation, these laws are set up by lawmaking body as a rule. Subsequently the law you overstepped was a legal law. Group reflections References FindusLaw. (2006). finduslaw.com. Recovered from finduslaw.com/us-constitution-fifth 14thamendments: finduslaw.com/us-constitution-fifth 14thamendments Wikipedia. (n.d.). Recovered from https://en.wikipeda.org/wiki/Civil_law_(legal_system): https://en.wikipeda.org/wiki/Civil_law_(legal_system) Melvin, S. P. (2011). The lawful condition of business: An administrative methodology: Theory to rehearse (first Ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Friday, August 7, 2020
Is PAWS Real or Just Another Relapse Excuse Addiction Alcohol Use Withdrawal and Relapse Print Is PAWS Real or Just Another Relapse Excuse? Post Acute Withdrawal Syndrome Blamed for Many Relapses By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on November 26, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on June 04, 2019 Sleep Disturbance Is a Symptom of PAWS. © Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Withdrawal and Relapse Binge Drinking Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS) has been cited for many years by members of the recovery community as a major cause of relapse for those who are trying to remain clean and sober. After recovering alcoholics and addicts get past the stress and severity of the initial acute withdrawal symptoms of early abstinence, some experts say, another group of symptoms comes along that are uncomfortable or aggravating enough to prompt some to relapse merely to relieve those nagging symptoms. But, the phenomenon also known as protracted withdrawal syndrome or simply prolonged withdrawal is not without some controversy. PAWS is not an official medical diagnosis and its not found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. There are very few published scientific research studies that even confirm the existence of PAWS and there is a particular lack of any recent research about post-acute withdrawal. Controversy The shortage of scientific evidence and the exclusion from the diagnostic manuals of the syndrome has caused some confusion in the mainstream medical community as to whether PAWS is a real phenomenon, or simply a popular excuse for a relapse. Others have questioned if the so-called syndrome actually exists or is an invention of the professional alcohol and drug treatment industry to try to justify a need for their long-term services. For those who have experienced the unexpected symptoms of PAWS, however, post-acute withdrawal syndrome is indeed very real. How to Recognize Signs That Can Lead to a Drug or Alcohol Relapse Parameters One study was specifically conducted to determine if PAWS should be included in the DSM-IV. After a review of the existing literature at the time, Satel and colleagues at Yale University School of Medicine concluded that the diagnosis should not be included. But, the Yale scientists came to that conclusion, not because the syndrome does not exist, but because of methodologic limitations of the studies and lack of consensus definition of the term itself. Studies that did consistently describe symptoms extending beyond acute withdrawal failed to conclusively demonstrate protracted withdrawal from alcohol and opiates because they did not: Do multiple time-point samplingUse standardize instrumentsUse control groupsRe-administer the substance to suppress the symptoms While methodological issues may have excluded PAWS from the DSM, there is research suggesting that the syndrome exists and can contribute to relapse. Research Although few studies over the years have agreed on the exact definition and parameters of protracted withdrawal, some investigators have documented some of the symptoms associated with the syndrome. One German study found that long-term alcohol use tends to inhibit the effects of certain chemicals in the brain (atrial natriuretic peptide) and those effects remain diminished weeks after abstinence. This resulted in an increased craving for alcohol and increased feelings of anxiety during protracted withdrawal. A long-term study at Johns Hopkins University of 312 abstinent alcoholics found that some of the more demoralizing symptoms of withdrawalâ"guilt, depression, interpersonal sensitivityâ"decreased progressively with prolonged abstinence, but in some cases could take 10 years to return to normal levels. Authors of the Johns Hopkins study concluded that their findings were consistent with the concept of a protracted withdrawal syndrome. Why Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome Can Be a Barrier to Recovery Causes As the symptoms of acute withdrawal in early abstinence begin to diminish and stabilize, the symptoms of post acute withdrawal begin to appear, usually between seven and 14 days into sobriety. Long-term alcohol and drug use can cause chemical changes in the brain. When someone suddenly stops using, the brain must re-adjust to being without those substances. How long this adjustment lasts can depend on how much damage prolonged substance abuse did to the bodys nervous system. The process of the brain adjusting to being without drugs or alcohol can be aggravated by the stress of trying to maintain abstinence after years of drinking or doing drugs. Because many people in recovery used alcohol and drugs to deal with stress in the past, any stress they experience while trying to remain sober can make their protracted withdrawal symptoms worse. Recovery experts believe the severity of post-acute withdrawal symptoms depend on upon two factors: the amount of damage alcohol and drug use did to the nervous system over the years and the amount of stress the person experiences during recovery. Symptoms People who experience post-acute withdrawal syndrome describe the symptoms as coming in waves or being on an emotional roller coaster of ups and downs. Recovering alcoholics and addicts, weeks into abstinence, report having these kinds of symptoms: Unstable and Unpredictable Moods: One of the most common symptoms reported by people suffering from PAWS are mood swings or unpredictable changes in their mood. They report sudden feelings of overwhelming depression without any reason or provocation, while later experiencing excited bouts of anxiety or agitation. Anhedonia: Anhedonia is losing interest in things that you previously enjoyed doing, sometimes described as having your ability to feel pleasure turned off. In extreme cases, anhedonia can extend to losing interest is pursuing basic needs, like eating. Intensified Emotions or Feelings of Numbness: This symptom can vary widely in recovering individuals. Many tend to overreact. Sometimes they can become overly excited and excessively angry over small matters, then go into a stage of not feeling any emotions at all. Some describe it as being empty or numb inside. Inability to Concentrate or Think Clearly: People experiencing protracted withdrawal will many times not have the ability to solve even simple problems due to their inability to think clearly. They report difficulty concentrating and sometimes its because they find it hard to think about anything but the fact that they are not drinking or using drugs. Rigid or repetitive thinking is also common. Poor Coordination and Clumsiness: This symptom is not as common as some symptoms of PAWS, but it is a serious one. Some people in protracted withdrawal experience dizziness, slow reflexes, coordination problems and trouble with balance. People who experience stumbling and clumsiness during prolonged withdrawal can appear to be intoxicated when they are in fact abstinent. Sleep Disturbances: Probably the PAWS symptoms most responsible for relapses are those related to sleep disturbances. Not only do they find it difficult to fall asleep, but they will also find their sleep is interrupted. Many report having their sleep disturbed when they wake up after having a using dream in which they used alcohol or drugs. Strong Cravings: This, of course, is another reason that many trying to quit decide to relapse. Even after weeksâ"and sometimes yearsâ"of abstinence, people in recovery can suddenly experience strong cravings for their drug of choice. Increased Sensitivity to Stress: One unexpected protracted withdrawal symptoms for many recovering addicts is an increased sensitivity to stress and stressful events. Some report that they not only more easily stressed, but can become overwhelmed by even slightly stressful situations. Treatment experts believe that this hypersensitivity to stress can exacerbate all the other post-acute withdrawal symptoms. Signals of a Mood Disorder It is important to note that several of the symptoms of PAWS described aboveâ"such as unstable moods, anhedonia, impaired concentration, and sleep disturbancesâ"may also reflect a mood disorder like major depression. Mood disorders can often co-occur with substance use. If these symptoms persist, are severe, and particularly if they are accompanied by suicidal thoughts, a psychiatric evaluation should be sought. Coping Although information about post acute withdrawal is somewhat sparse in the scientific literature, it is well documented in the recovery community. Those who treat withdrawal symptoms and try to prevent relapse are very familiar with prolonged withdrawal. If you have gone through a professional treatment program or have been a member of a support group such as Alcoholics Anonymous in the past 20 years, you have probably heard a lot about post acute withdrawal syndrome. Best-selling author and internationally recognized substance abuse expert Terrence T. Terry Gorski literally wrote the book on post-acute withdrawal. His book, Staying Sober: A Guide for Relapse Prevention (buy it on Amazon) not only describes the syndrome in detail but outlines ways recovering people can cope with PAWS. Education: According to Gorski, the key to not letting protracted withdrawal symptoms result in a relapse is to educate yourself about the symptoms so that you know what to expect, prepare yourself to deal with each symptom as it arises, and develop a plan for handling stress without drugs and alcohol. Conditions that put you at high risk of experiencing post-acute withdrawal symptoms are usually lack of care of yourself and lack of attention to your recovery program, Gorski wrote. If you are going to recover without relapse you need to be aware of stressful situations in your life that can increase your risk of experiencing PAWS. Stress Management: Since you cannot remove yourself from all stressful situations you need to prepare yourself to handle them when they occur. It is not the situation that makes you go to pieces; it is your reaction to the situation, Gorski said. Bob Carty, director of clinical services at Hazelden in Chicago, agrees that knowing what the protracted withdrawal symptoms are is important to learn how to manage them. Successful management of your alcohol or drug withdrawal symptoms will help you feel better physically and emotionally, improve your self-esteem, and reduce your risk of relapse, Carty says on the Hazelden Betty Ford website. Symptoms Management: Because stress can make PAWS symptom more intense, learning to manage stress can help you control your post-acute withdrawal symptoms, Gorski said. Tips for Managing PAWS Symptoms According to Staying Sober these are tools that you can use to control withdrawal symptoms:Identify your sources of stressDevelop decision-making and problem-solving skillsMaintain a proper dietExercise regularlyDevelop regular habitsKeep a positive attitudeLearn relaxation skills Both Gorski and Carty agree that talking about your symptoms and stress triggers with someone you trust, such as a counselor or an A.A. sponsor, can help you cope with prolonged withdrawal. Telling others about what you are experiencing can help you see the situation more realistically. Duration Some people who quit alcohol and drugs never experience post-acute withdrawal symptoms at all, while others can still face some symptoms years into abstinence. The amount of time the symptoms can last can also depend on the type of drug from which you are withdrawing. Recovery experts say that patients abstaining from alcohol and opiate-based painkillers will typically experience post-acute withdrawal from six to 24 months. However, there are reports of people abstaining from benzodiazepines who can experience some symptoms 10 years later. The symptoms of PAWS typically grow to peak intensity over three to six months after abstinence begins, Gorski said. The damage is usually reversible, meaning the major symptoms go away in time if proper treatment is received. So there is no need to fear. Help for Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome
Tuesday, June 23, 2020
Answering Questions About Unions Versus Human Resources (Essay Sample) Content: Unions versus Human ResourcesNameInstitutionUnions versus Human Resources1. Explain how Unions, Human Resources Management Personnel, and Government Interventions (such as laws and regulations) serve to address worker rights and worker safety.We are in a critical age in history, where organizations are continually faced with numerous pressures ranging from increased globalization, tougher competition, rapid technological changes, as well as organizational changes. Without a doubt, such pressures can lead to undue expectations from workers. Accordingly, the evolving role of human resources management has bred approaches that respond to internal and external pressures by enabling administrative efficiency and employee contribution. At the same time, human resources management has transitioned from an era that focused on production and competitiveness to the current standard of engaging employees to achieve organizational effectiveness. The rights of workers have also re mained vital among government entities, and realized through the formation of laws and regulations. Fundamentally, the government has promoted workers rights and safety through facilitating the framework of labor unions (Beer, 1984). Ultimately, the primary purpose of labor unions is to address mandates that affect the rights and safety of workers.According to Lichtenstein (2013), in the beginning of the 20th century, labor unions played a major role in ending child labor and sweatshop conditions in the United States. Since then, unions have continued to uplift the working standards of Americans in various ways. Profoundly, unions facilitate job safety protections especially as economic conditions have led to less secure incomes due to downsizing and outside contracting. Unionization has led to the creation of wrongful termination laws that highlight claims for improper dismissal. Through collective bargaining, unions have enabled public and private workers to enjoy salaries at comp etitive rates while working in safe environments. Unions made holiday pay a reality and allowed the regulation of work hours to a 40-hour workweek. Efforts of the union have also led Equal Pay Acts (1963 and 2011), whistle Blower Protection Laws, Sick Leave, Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and Sexual Harassment Laws.Human resource personnel utilize employee engagement to ensure protection of workers rights. Employee engagement focuses on the relationship between the employee and the employer. It cultivates a culture of communication and employee participation, thereby ensuring that the needs and grievances of workers are known. With employee engagement, employee morale and productivity are increased, thereby facilitating compensation based on performance. In employee engagement, the human resource personnel protects the future of employees by creating training development programs that secure the careers of workers where changes in the organizations are likely to occur. Human r esource personnel also protect workers rights by disengaging from discrimination but rather being equal opportunity employers (Beer, 1984). In the design of company policies and regulations, human resources personnel support workers rights by formulating principles that are in line with the international and federal labor laws. Government interventions that serve to address worker rights and safety range from pay requirements to leave benefits. American workers receive minimum wage for their work through the stipulations of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The law further ensures that non-exempt workers receive compensation for overtime worker (Lichtenstein, 2013). In addition, FLSA protects minors, for instance by limiting the number of hours children under 16 years can work in non-agricultural positions. Through the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the federal government has created numerous specific safety provisions to minimize hazards in the workplace. The Affordable Ca re Act is another government initiative that promotes the rights of workers to access health insurance. Moreover, the government provides a safety net for retired workers and those living with disabilities through the Social Security Act. Legal protections are put in place to avoid discrimination of workers using the Civil Rights Act (1964), the Age Discrimination Act (1967) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) (Lichtenstein, 2013). Since the beginning of the 20th century, the department of labor has enforced around 180 worker protection laws that continue to benefit millions of Americans. 2. Evaluate whether unions and HRM have unique roles for different groups (i.e., the organization, management, and the workers) or if there are areas of overlap.Unions and human resource managers have unique roles to different groups. Unions have a responsibility to organizations that are focused on employee safety to ensure that the management complies with the necessary regulations and does not endanger the workers. Human resource managers have a similar role to such bodies by ensuring that the companys policies highlight the regulations. When it comes to the roles of human resource managers and the unions towards the management, conflicting roles can be perceived. Human resource managers are set on ensuring that the management has a workforce that is highly productive and is of low cost. On the other hand, the union works at ensuring that the management employs a diverse workforce despite the costs incurred at securing talent. For instance, employing a person with a disability can be highly costly to an organization due to the assistive technologies required to be installed. Another conflicting role between the human resource and the union is towards workers. The unions goal is to ensure equal pay to workers while HRM aims at performance based pay (Lichtenstein, 2013). With proper coordination and communication, the union and HRM can work as teams to ensure a mu tually beneficial relationship. 3. Assess the following statement, Workers in the modern workplaces of America are w...